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What is Narcissistic Personality Disorder?

 In Addiction

A narcissistic personality disorder is characterized as an inflated sense of self-importance.  Around five percent of individuals struggle with this disorder. It is imperative to talk with a physician to see if inpatient or outpatient therapy is needed. Common co-occurring mental health conditions include bipolar disorder, mood disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorder, borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, depressive disorders, and schizotypal personality disorder. 

Long-term counseling is the primary treatment for NPD. It helps you gain greater insight into your problems and learn what changes you can make to:

  • Relate to others in a positive and rewarding way.
  • Develop healthy self-esteem.
  • Have more realistic expectations of others.

Your psychotherapist may also recommend medications to treat symptoms like anxiety and depression. Medications include:

  • Antidepressants: These medications treat depression. Healthcare providers commonly prescribe selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). This class of drugs has fewer side effects than other antidepressants. SSRI medications include fluoxetine, sertraline, and paroxetine.
  • Mood stabilizers: To reduce mood swings, your provider may prescribe a mood-stabilizing drug such as lithium.
  • Antipsychotic drugs: This medication can help with symptoms of depression and anxiety. Aripiprazole and risperidone are two kinds of antipsychotic drugs.

Signs

  • Increase sense of self-importance
  • Secret feelings of sadness, humiliation, and insecurity 
  • Issue with envy 
  • Issues with emotional regulation 
  • Having a disregard for others’ feelings

Causes 

Scientists aren’t sure of the exact cause of narcissistic personality disorder but think a combination of environmental factors and genetics may be to blame. 

Treatments

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy, CBT for short, is a type of psychotherapy that aims to rewire negative thinking patterns and turn those into positive ones. 
  • Group therapy involves individuals with similar ailments coming together to discuss ways to overcome and adapt. 
  • Family therapy involves the family of the individual struggling to go to a licensed therapist to figure out ways to best help. 
  • Adventure therapy is when an individual is encouraged to try new things to help improve their mood. 

Please get in touch with a mental health professional today to get on the road to recovery. Narcissistic personality disorder can impact social situations, relationships, work, and family. A doctor may want to rule out other mental health issues and check your physical symptoms to see if there is an underlying cause. 

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